Reservation System | Wordsmith Foundation

5 Points to Know about Reservation System

Written by: Harleen Sandhu || Graphics by: Harleen Sandhu || SEO by: Darshan

Not every DNA carries wealth and intelligence,
Not everyone with a Surname needs upliftment.
It’s time to stop being greedy and help the needy,
Else cut that lie of mentioning Right to Equality.


Caste Reservation, one of the most controversial issues that have been going on in the country for years. Reservation in Indian Constitution goes like, “keeping aside a certain % of seats for certain people”. It was primarily meant for only Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and now it is also available for Other Backward Castes (OBC) and Economically Weaker Section (EWS) of the society. The main purpose of reservation was the advancement of SC, ST, OBC and EWS and adequate representation of them among other wells off people. But the system later extended to Government Educational Institutions like IIM, IIT, DU or Government jobs such as IAS, IPS or in the government such as in parliament or state Legislature.

Caste-based Reservation in Indian Constitution

HISTORY

In the old times, there was so much discrimination based on the casts of people- Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Sudhras and the Dalits in which Brahmins were considered as the highest in Vedic Hinduism and Dalits were the lowest and often considered as untouchables.


With time the caste system became rigid and caste ruled can be seen everywhere. Whatever you do, whom you marry, what temples you go to and everything that you eat, everything got dependant on the caste system. Because of this many Dalits turned Buddhists in the 6th century. Gautam Buddha who himself was born under Kshatriya was against the caste system. In 1956, B R Ambedkar was a part of mass conversion in which around 5 lakh lower Hindus were converted to Buddhists. But after the British arrival, the caste discrimination practices become more rigid.


START OF RESERVATIONS

To admonish this caste based discrimination, the reservation system was implemented in India by Dr B R Ambedkar in 1951 for 10 years but it was never removed. The reservations were made to improve the condition of the backward and the weaker section of the society but nowadays it is not the weaker section that enjoys the benefits of reservations but other wells off people take the advantage of it. Now it is no big deal to get the certificate of SC, ST or OBC made by giving certain extra money and it is as simple as that.


The term creamy layer was first coined in 1974 in the State of Kerala when a judge said that the “benefits of the reservation shall be snatched away by the top creamy layer of the backward class, thus leaving the weakest among the weak and leaving the fortunate layers to consume the whole cake”. In 1992, the limits of the state’s powers upheld the ceiling of 50 percent quotas, emphasized the concept of “social backwardness”, and prescribed 11 indicators to ascertain backwardness.


RECENT STUDIES

In 2016, SARI (Social Attitude Research India) conducted a phone survey in Delhi, Mumbai, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh to ask how many of them saw discrimination taking place in their homes. In Delhi, 39% of Dalit women admitted that they have faced untouchability in their households.


21% of Non-Dalit Hindu women admitted that they themselves had practised untouchability.
60% Non-Dalits in Rajasthan believe that inter-caste marriage should be banned.
In the same survey, 43% of respondents from Delhi said that they are against Reservations and the seats should be allotted on the basis of merit and not on cast.
There are still people who are underprivileged and are in need of reservations but they cannot ripe the advantages of the same.


TODAY’S SCENARIO OF RESERVATION IN INDIAN CONSTITUTION

I myself have seen the reservation system’s misuse when I was struggling to get admission to DU. When I was denied admission, another person having 13% lower marks than me was happily given admission in the same college for the same course and then we talk about equality.
In my personal view, reservation is not giving equality but creating caste-based discrimination among countrymen. But this will not be that bad if the discrimination is removed from there. For example, when you visit a college for admission you will see that a general category student with 93% won’t get the desired college but a category student with 75% can enjoy the desired college. For the general category, a student having below 90% will suffer a lot for admission and the chances that he/she will get admission is very less but for an SC, ST or OBC student the highest cut off goes 90%.


In my opinion, if the government wants to reserve a certain % for the weaker section for their upliftment at least the marks and the criteria for getting a thing should be the same for all. If the same is not possible keep the % change less than 5%. But the difference that you will get to see is 10%, 12% which is a lot. For a competitive exam of 5 subjects, 1%=5marks now calculate a student with 92% (general student) will have 460 marks out of 500 and a student with 79% (category student) will have 395 marks out of 500. If you have given CBSE board exams or any other competitive exams before covid-19, you would surely know how tough the fight is even for a single mark. But the reservation has brought a person with 460 is equal or even below the person with 395 marks which is totally not fair.


Not only for college admissions, for any government competitive exams be it Indian Railways, Government Hospitals, Municipality offices, everywhere what you see is Reservation and just Reservation. Also, the worst part is that once you get a government job, you won’t be terminated no matter what that’s why people after getting the same become careless and then never do their work with dedication.

RESERVED CATEGORYRESERVATION QUOTA
ST7.5%
SC15%
OBC27%
EWS10%
TOTAL59.50%


Also 3% under all categories are reserved for differently-abled people. Thus only 40% of the seats are given on merit basis, rest all are reserved. The bitter truth that we can say is “The reason India is still a developing country is RESERVATION because here the work and position one should get is not based on his/her abilities and knowledge but on their caste.

The condition that is being shown in the picture is the harsh reality that India faces with the Reservation system. Do you think this is EQUALITY?

DO WE NEED RSERVATION NOW?


The answer to this is a simple NO. Initially, when the reservation system was implemented, it was only for 10 years i.e. 1951-1961 but later it was never removed. Also, it was only for the truly backward and weaker section not for everyone falling under that caste. Today, the SC or ST whose parent is already a government employee isn’t the one who comes under the non-creamy layer and is socially backward but still since the reservation is caste-based, they again get governmental benefits and leave the deserving non-category students behind.


Reservation is nothing just a tool of social upliftment and which can also be done by other means like scholarships, free education, etc. it is the duty of the government to provide equality and social justice to each and everyone in the country. By reservation, we are not bringing equality but creating more and more discrimination.

CONCLUSION


India was, is and will only be destroyed by Reservation. No matter it was for the upliftment of weaker section but when they are not benefitted from that, there is no use of reservations. And excess of everything is always dangerous. By reserving 60% seats we are neglecting the deserving people that can do something for nation and are giving benefits to the non deserving ones who only increase corruption. (saying about the majority, exceptions are always there). And also reservation is the major cause that we lose potential talent of our country because they rush to foreign country as they are given more career opportunities there.

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