India is currently the world’s second largest nation. It accounts for 17.5 percent of the world’s population. This means that INDIANs make up one out of every six people on the planet. Overpopulation of india will lead to huge problems in the upcoming days.
POPULATION EXPLOSION is regarded as a threat and a burden to the Earth.
The rapid increase in the number of people in a given area is referred to as POPULATION EXPLOSION. It is a situation in which the country’s economy is unable to keep up with the country’s rapid population growth. Obviously, the majority of them are poorer nations and are classified as DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
The most populous state is UTTAR PRADESH, while the least populous is LAKSHADWEEP.
overpopulation of india traps people in a web of poverty and illiteracy, exacerbating the problem.
POPULATION EXPLOSION CAUSES:
Poverty is thought to be the primary cause of overpopulation. The impact is so profound that the UN predicts that the world’s forty-eight poorest countries will be the primary contributors to population growth. According to their projections, these countries’ combined population will likely reach 1.7 billion in 2050, up from 850 million in 2010.
• INADEQUATE CONTRACEPTIVE USE:
In developing countries, the problem is exacerbated. According to a World Health Organization (WHO) study, this rate drops to 43% in countries plagued by issues such as poverty, which results in higher birth rates.
• CHILDREN ‘S LABOUR:
As upsetting as it may sound, child labour is still widely practised in a number of parts of the world. According to UNICEF, approximately 150 million children are currently employed, primarily in countries where child labour laws are not strictly enforced.
As a result, poor families may see children as a source of income. Furthermore, children who start working too young miss out on educational opportunities, particularly in the area of birth control.
• LOWER MORTALITY RATES:
Medical progress has resulted in lower mortality rates for a variety of serious diseases. As a result of such advancements, dangerous viruses and diseases like polio, smallpox, and measles have been virtually eradicated.
While this is generally good news, it also means that people are living longer lives than has previously been recorded. This “delay” in the cycle of life and death has resulted in birth rates exceeding death rates by a factor of more than two to one in modern times.
Uncontrolled immigration into countries can lead to overpopulation, to the point where those countries lack the resources to support their population. This is particularly troubling in countries where immigration far outnumbers emigration.
In some cases, immigrants may flee overpopulation in their home countries only to contribute to the same issues in the countries where they settle. However, there is evidence that immigration can help to boost economies, with the effect being especially noticeable in the United Kingdom.
IMPACT OF POPULATION EXPLOSION:
• NATURAL RESOURCE DEPLETION:
There are a number of negative consequences to overpopulation. The first of these is the depletion of resources. The Earth’s capacity to produce water and food is limited, and it is insufficient to meet current demands.
Over the last fifty years, the majority of environmental degradation has been caused by the planet’s growing population. Forest clearance, indiscriminate wildlife hunting, pollution, and a slew of other issues are among them.
• ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION:
Our environment has begun to suffer as a result of the excessive use of coal, oil, and natural gas. Furthermore, the exponential increase in the number of vehicles and industries has had a negative impact on air quality.
An increase in CO2 emissions contributes to global warming. Melting polar ice caps, shifting climate patterns, and rising sea levels are just a few of the consequences of pollution.
• INCREASE IN UNEMPLOYMENT:
When a country becomes overcrowded, unemployment rises because fewer jobs are available to support a large population. People who are unemployed commit more crimes, such as theft, in order to feed and provide for their families.
• EXPENSIVE LIVING COSTS:
Prices for various essential commodities such as food, shelter, and healthcare rise as the demand-supply gap widens due to overpopulation. Individuals must pay a higher price to survive and provide for their families as a result of this.
• EPIDEMICS AND PANDEMIC PANDEMIC PANDEMIC PANDEMIC PANDEMIC PANDEMI
Poverty is linked to a number of environmental and social factors, such as overcrowding and unsanitary living conditions, malnutrition, and inaccessible, inadequate, or non-existent health care, all of which increase the poor’s risk of infection. Furthermore, high population densities increase the possibility of new pandemics and epidemics.
• LESS LIFE EXPECTANCY:
Developing countries account for a sizable portion of global population growth. As a result of population growth, less-developed countries have lower life expectancy.
This causes a shortage of resources in these countries, resulting in less access to medical care, clean water, food, and jobs, and, ultimately, a precipitous decline in life expectancy.
SOLUTIONS TO OVERCROWDING:
• BETTER EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES:
One of the first steps is to put policies in place that are responsive to social change. Educating the public helps them understand the significance of having only one or two children.
Similarly, education is essential for understanding the cutting-edge technologies that are reshaping the computing world. Families in financial difficulty who choose four or five children should be discouraged.
• INFORMING PEOPLE ABOUT FAMILY PLANNING:
As the world’s population continues to expand at an alarming rate, raising public awareness of family planning and the serious consequences of overpopulation can help slow population growth.
Educating them about the various safe sex techniques and contraceptive methods available to prevent unwanted pregnancy is one of the most effective methods.
FINAL ANALYSIS on Overpopulation of India
India’s global power can not be underestimated. India will be able to address this issue by increasing public awareness and enforcing strict population control norms.