Written by: Freya Tanna || Graphics by: Freya Tanna
India has a rich history with a lot of invasions and wars, not only that Indian Mythological history is also rich. These historical events left their mark on the lands of India which are now known as historical monuments.
Each of these monuments has its own unique history and beautiful, out-of-the-box architecture. Some of these monuments are also declared by UNESCO as world heritage sites. Let’s have a look at monuments of india history.
Monuments of India History
Taj Mahal- The Symbol Of Love And Muslim Architecture.
When it comes to the monuments of India the first name that strikes in most people’s minds is the Taj Mahal which is known for its beautiful architecture and history. Taj Mahal is the best example of the Muslim architecture of India and history. Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. In the year 2007, it was declared a winner of the New 7 Wonders of the World.
Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his lover Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal consists of the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan himself beside Mumtaz’s tomb. Abdul Hamid Lahauri, in his book from Padshahnama (1636), refers to the Taj Mahal as rauza-i munavvara, meaning the illumined or illustrious tomb. The name used now, Taj Mahal, comes from Persian tāj maħall and means “crown palace” (maħall). Mahal is also the surname of Mumtaz Mahal, for whom Shah Jahan built the mausoleum.
History Of Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Emperor in 1631, to be inbuilt in the memory of his love Mumtaz Mahal, who died on 17 June that year, during the birth of the 14th kid of Shah Jahan, Gauhara Muslim. Construction started in 1632, and the surrounding work was completed in 1648, whereas the encircling buildings and gardens were finished 5 years later. The cost of this mausoleum was 32 million which will be approximately 70 billion rupees and 956 million USD.
The construction project was held by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, under whom there were 20,000 other architects. It is rumored that the emperor was so happy and satisfied with the monument that he wished for this mausoleum to be one and only, so be cut off the hands of all the workers who made it.
Design And Architecture
The mausoleum incorporates and expands on style traditions of Indo-Islamic and earlier Mughal design. Specific inspiration came from fortunate Timurid and Mughal buildings as well as the Gur-e ameer (the grave of Timur, root of the Mughal sept, in Samarkand), Humayun’s grave that galvanized the Charbagh gardens and hasht-behesht arrange of the positioning, Itmad-Ud-Daulah’s grave (sometimes known as the Baby Taj), and crowned emperor Jahan’s own Jama Masjid in the metropolis. whereas earlier Mughal buildings were primarily created of red arenaceous rock, Emperor promoted the utilization of white marble decorated with semi-precious stones. Buildings underneath his patronage reached new levels of refinement.
The architecture of the Taj Mahal can be divided into the tomb, exterior decorations, Interior decorations, the garden, and the entrance building.
Taj Mahal is located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Night Viewing Timing: 20:30 hrs. to 00.30 hrs.
Taj Mahal is closed on Sundays.
Adult- Rs. 510/- (Indian), Rs. 750/- (Foreigner)
Children (3-15 yr)- Rs. 500/- (Both)
Foreign tourists- 1100/- + 200/-
Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries-540/- + 200/-
Domestic/Indian/OCI Cardholder-50/- + 200/-
For further info visit their website.
Qutub Minar- Tallest Minaret
The Qutb Minar, conjointly spelled as Qutub Minar and Qutab Minar, is a tower or a “victory tower” that forms a part of the Qutb advanced. The UNESCO World Heritage website within the Mehrauli space of the latest city, India. The peak of Qutb Minar is 72.5 meters, creating it the tallest tower within the world designed of bricks. The tower tapers, and includes a 14.3 meters (47 feet) base diameter, reducing to a pair to 2.7 meters (9 feet) at the highest of height. It contains a spiral stairway of 379 steps.
History Of Qutub Minar
It was designed over the ruins of the Lal Kot, the fastness of Dhillika. Qutb-ud-din Aibak, a deputy of Muhammad of Ghor, United Nations agency based the metropolis country when Muhammad of Ghor’s death, started construction of the Qutb Minar’s 1st construction in 1199. This level has inscriptions laudatory Muhammad of Ghor. Aibak’s successor and relative-in-law Shamsuddin Iltutmish completed an additional 3 storeys. When a lightning strike in 1369 broke the then high construction, the ruler at that time, Firuz Shah of Iran Tughlaq, replaced the broken construction and added another. Sher Shah of Iran Suri conjointly additional Associate in Nursing entrance whereas he was ruling and therefore the Mughal emperor Humayun was in exile.
Design And Architecture
Parso-Arabic and Nagari in different sections of the Qutb Minar reveal the history of its construction and the later restorations and repairs by Firoz Shah Tughluq (1351–88) and Sikandar Lodi (1489–1517).
It has five superposed storeys. The lowest three stories are made of light red stones separated by balconies and flanges. The fourth story is made of marble and is plain. And the topmost fifth story is made of marble and sandstone. At the foot of the tower, a mosque is built. The tower tilts a little, 65cm from the vertical but it is considered safe.
To know more click here.
It is located in the Mehrauli area of New Delhi, India.
Rs. 10 for Indians and Rs. 250 for Foreigners.
Sunrise to sunset
Golden Temple- Abode Of God
The Golden Temple additionally called Harmandir European, which means “abode of God” or Darbār Sahib, which means “exalted court”, maybe a gurdwara placed within the town of Amritsar, Punjab, India. It’s the leading nonsecular website of Sikhism.
History Of Golden Temple
Golden Temple has a long history. Which includes a lot of events. The first Harmandir Sahib was built by Arjan in 1604. the fifth Sikh Guru, who symbolically had it placed on a lower level so that even the humblest had to step down to enter it. Find out more about Golden temple’s history and Operation Blue Star.
Design And Architecture
The Golden Temple’s design reflects totally different subject area practices currently within India, as varied iterations of temples were restored and restored. The Temple is delineated by Ian Kerr, and alternative students, as a mix of the Indo-Islamic Mughal and also the Hindu Rajput design.
Know more about Golden Temple Architecture.
It is located in the Amritsar district of Punjab, India.
Saturday to Sunday, 12:00 AM to 11:59 PM.
Curious to know more about Amritsar. Visit its official Website.
Mysore Palace- Palace Of The City
The Mysore Palace is a historical palace and therefore the royal residence(house) at Mysore within the Indian State of Karnataka. It’s the official residence of the Yadav Wadiyar folk and therefore the seat of the dominion of Mysore. The palace is within the center of Mysore and faces the Chamundi Hills eastward. Mysore is often represented because of the ‘City of Palaces’, and there are seven palaces as well as this one; but, ‘Mysore Palace’ refers specifically to the present one among the previous fort.
Mysore palace is now the most visited attraction in India, after the Taj Mahal.
History Of Mysore Palace
The land on which the palace currently stands was originally referred to as puragiri (literally, citadel), and is currently referred to as the ‘Old Fort’. Yaduraya designed the primary palace within the previous Fort within the ordinal 14th century, which was razed and created multiple times. The present structure was created between 1897 and 1912 when the previous Palace has burnt ablaze.
Design And Architecture
The art form of domes of the palace is delineated as Indo-Saracenic, with blends of the Hindu, Mughal, Rajput, and Gothic designs. It’s a three-story stone structure with marble domes and incorporates a 145-foot five-story tower. The palace is encircled by an outsized garden. The doorway gate and arch hold the logo and coat of arms of the dominion of Mysore, around that are written the kingdom’s catchword in Sanskrit: “न बिभॆति कदाचन” which means to never be terrified.
It is located in Mysore city, Mysore, India.
All week, 10:00 AM to 5:30 PM
Rs. 70/- for adults and Rs. 30/- for kids.
Is curiosity killing you? Do you wanna know more? Check out their official website.
Ajanta And Ellora Caves- The Rock-Cut Caves
The Ajanta Caves are roughly, more or less around thirty rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments that start the 2d century BCE to about 480 CE in Aurangabad district of the geographical area state of the Republic of India. The caves embrace paintings and rock-cut sculptures delineated as among the best extant samples of ancient Indian art, significantly communicatory paintings that give emotions through gesture, create and kindness.
On the other hand, Ellora is one of the largest rock-cut Hindu temples in the world, featuring Hinduism specifically and few Buddhist and religious monuments with design qualitative analysis from the 600–1000 cerium amount. Caves sixteen options, the biggest single monolithic rock excavation within the world, the Kailash temple, a chariot formed monument dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Kailash temple excavation additionally options sculptures depicting the gods, goddesses found in Hinduism further as relief panels summarizing the 2 major Hindu Epics. It was declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1983.
History Of Ajanta- Ellora Caves
Ajanta- Ellora caves together are one of the biggest attractions in India. It has a long history and took a lot of time to be built. About 107 klicks from the town of Aurangabad in the geographical region, are the rock-cut caves of Ajanta close in a very wide gorge, within the sort of a big horseshoe. A group of twenty-nine caves, Ajanta is among the best samples of a number of the earliest Buddhist designs, cave paintings, and sculptures.
The cave temples and monasteries at Ellora excavated out of the vertical face of associate degree escarpment, area unit twenty-six klick north of Aurangabad. Sculptors, impressed by Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism, created elaborate rock carvings. Extending in a very linear arrangement, the thirty-four caves contain Buddhist Chaityas or halls of worship, Viharas or monasteries, and Hindu and religious temples.
To learn more about its history click here.
Design And Architecture
There is a lot to see in Ajanta-Ellora caves and it is completely impossible to describe its design and architecture. These caves consist of rock-cut architecture, sculptures, and pictures. The Ellora temples are cut from top to bottom, while normally it is done from bottom to top. This is the biggest reason to make these caves unique and out of the box.
Ajanta and Ellora caves are located in Aurangabad District, Maharashtra State, India
Open all days from 9 am to 9:30 pm except on Mondays
Ellora caves are open on all days from sunrise to sunset except for Tuesday.
Indian Citizens- RS. 40
Foreign Tourists- Rs. 600
Children below 15 years old- Free
Indian Citizens– Rs. 10,
Foreign Tourists– Rs. 250,
Children below the age of 15 years– Free.
To know more about these two places visit their official website.
Hope it was satisfying information for you.
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